Falls Prevention: Breaking Down The HUR Medical Concepts #3
In persons over 65 years of age, approximately 30% of community-dwelling adults fall each year. Falls in care facilities and hospitals are common events that cause considerable morbidity and mortality for older adults. In addition, falls constitute a significant social and economic burden to individuals, their families, community health services, and the economy.
As the proportion of older adults continues to increase globally, the financial costs associated with falls will increase worldwide. Therefore, prevention of falls is an urgent public health challenge. National health service providers and international guidelines are promoting the implementation of appropriately designed intervention programs that are known to prevent falls in older adults.
There is strong scientific evidence that appropriately designed exercise training can prevent falls in older people. Exercise interventions has been shown to reduce the rate of falls (number of falls per person) and the risk of falling (proportion of people having one or more falls) in community-dwelling older people.
The HUR falls prevention concept helps the health care and rehabilitation professionals to provide the best practice of exercise as medicine based on the latest international preventive and treatment guidelines, to help people to engage in regular weekly physical activity and to follow an exercise training regimen. We aim to use a range of exercise modalities with the objective of preventing falls, including balance exercises, strength training, flexibility, tai chi, and endurance training. These can be used as individual or group exercises in isolation or in combination.
What we recommend from HUR
In addition to increased muscle strength in older adults, strength training offers numerous other advantages as well. It has clearly shown improvements in balance, functional mobility, stability limits, quality of life, and fall prevention. Strength training can attenuate age-related changes in muscle function and improve activities of daily living, such as walking endurance, gait speed, and stair climbing.